The Little Book of Puns lAs Menocchio s only confessed follower in Montereale was an illiterate carpenter named Melchiorre Possibly this is a result of what Ginzburg calls elsewhere in the text one of several channels feeding into a popular current of which so far veryittle is known favoring toleration a few traces of which can be discerned in the course of the sixteenth century This tolerance of the populace is evidence of a public at sharp odds with the Catholic authorities one that becomes interesting in ight of the relative iteracy of Montereale and environs Of the eleven books Menocchio certainly read six of them were The Complete Idiots Guide to Rumi Meditations loaned to him from friends certainly not from his priest which seems to indicate the existence of a network of readers as Ginzburg observes it s astonishing that so much reading went on in this small town in the hills Another tack of Ginzburg sess convincing than the first is to search for similarities between Menocchio s heresies and those of another Italian miller from a generation prior known as Pighino the fat While such similarities do exist eg the emphasis of both heretics on the simplicity of the Gospel their disdain for Church corruption and for the sacraments these similarities are as easily explained as semi Das Restaurant am Ende des Universums (Per Anhalter durch die Galaxis, learned peasant distortions of Luther as they are a springing forth from an oral underground The sheer idiosyncrasy of Menocchio s theology and cosmogony are enough to dispel accusations of Lutheranism in his case but the same cannot be said for Pighino who in fact was denounced as a concubine keeping Lutheran We are thereforeeft with the ingering possibility that the coexistence of these cases is only a curious coincidence Even so the coincidence itself is striking especially in ight of the concrete evidence Ginzburg provides in his reading of the Inuisitional record These records are the foundation of Ginzburg s book They are iving documents in that they present a theology that evolves before our eyes in response to the attacks of his interrogator See for example Menocchio s distinction between a mortal soul that dies with the body and an immortal spirit that will be reunited with God at the end of time through apocatastasis This distinction is not found in the trial records of 1583 or the first half of those from 1599 but under the pressure of the inuisitor Menocchio begins splitting this particular hair On other crucial points though Menocchio remains steadfast as in his bold claim that it s important to ove our neighbor than to A Strangers Touch (Psychic Triplet Trilogy, love God his denial of the divinity of Christ and the apparent pantheism in his statement that everything is God The danger of these beliefs to the power of the Church should they be widely adopted is self explanatory The uestion is whether there was a real risk that they would be and here the evidence is twofold First Menocchio displays through his testimony about several books especially the parascriptural chronicle Il Fioretto della Bibbia a manner of reading that was obviously one sided and arbitrary almost as if he was searching for confirmation of ideas and convictions that were already firmly entrenched These ideas and convictions or ateast the soil in which they grow come from the oral culture Second the Inuisitor s acrimonious sentence of 1584 emphasizes the sin of Menocchio s decision to share his belief not only with men of religion but also with simple and ignorant people putting their salvation at risk The implication of this statement and the cascade of vitriol that follows it is that the peasantry are susceptible to spiritual seduction than the elite who are armed with their educations The stated cause of this uality is the ostensible stupidity simplicity and ignorance of the peasant mind but this is an evasion by the inuisitor If peasants are in fact open to Menocchio s ideas it is not because of their unintelligence per se but because their unintelligence in Inuisitorial eyes Threat Vector: INSPIRATION FOR THE THRILLING AMAZON PRIME SERIES JACK RYAN (Jack Ryan Jr Series Book 4) (English Edition) leads them to hold common beliefs that is a peasant culture which may then be stoked by Menocchio and brought toight All of which is to say that the Church saw a threat in Menocchio because he was not an isolated case and because his beliefs threatened the Inuisition s goal of heretical containment and its emphasis on the value of theological purity and consistency This emphasis in contrast to the The MeatEater Fish and Game Cookbook: Recipes and Techniques for Every Hunter and Angler localization and syncretism ofate medieval Christianity was implicitly a validation of Protestant criticisms of the Church that it practiced sloppy sacerdotalism rather than properly educating its members or for that matter its clergy and was an attempt to rectify these faults This was done for reasons both moral the genuine desire for spiritual improvement And Political The Destruction Of political the destruction of and there is often much overlap between these categories The renewed vigor and conseuent cruelty of the Church during the Counter Reformation meant that barring overly Papyrus and Tablet literal counter factuals ie what if Menocchio hadn t run into that tattletale flutist in 1598 Menocchio s death at the stake was for all intents inevitable The immovable object that was the early modern church met the unstoppable force of Menocchio s endless stream of words earthy evocative by turns strident and simpering and always painfully human even across the chasm of centuries Few of us have the courage or uixotic folly to stare up at an inuisitor asking us to explain ourselves and respond I thought you d never ask For this the miller deserves not just our scholarly attention but our respect and ourove This is an insightful book for all of us who assume European peasants were illiterate uneducated non thinking folk Our hero the miller Menocchio could read and write owned a few books borrowed a few had read the Decameron and dipped into the Koran and combined the ideas he got from books with the oral tradition of 16th century rural Friuli to form his own slightly odd very creative para Catholic religious notions His discussions of these notions with others brought him to the attention of the ocal inuisition which
uestioned him and decided he wasn t just him and decided he wasn t just heretic but a badass heresiarch He was influencing others and needed to be imprisoned and forever wear a penitential garment After a few years he was released from prison but he couldn t stop talking and ultimately the cardinal and pope put their red slippers down and insisted he be burned at the stake pronto The reason this book gets assigned in history courses is because of its historiographic interest the overlap between social history and the history of ideas This is a microhistory of a sixteenth century Italian miller whose heretical beliefs brought him to the attention of the Inuisition Ginzburg uses the records of his trial to examine his personal theology and cosmology and to examine to what extent we can recover a pre modern popular culture I thought it was a sophisticated attempt at a microhistory than The Return of Martin Guerre Ginzburg approaches his sources with subtlety and with awareness of the dangers of pre conceived notions I particularly appreciated how Ginzburg s critical awareness of the sources contrasted with Menocchio s own sometimes wilful misreadings of the texts he came into contact with That said I m not sure why Ginzburg is so insistent that the peasant culture in which Menocchio ived had I m not sure why Ginzburg is so insistent that the peasant culture in which Menocchio A Foxs Love (American Kitsune lived had nonpre Christian elements and why the unorthodox elements of Menocchio s thought were necessarily products of such cultural elements rather than of independent thought in as much as such a thing is possible of course or other influences I m still not sure about his conclusions in as much as they are predicated on the suitability of Menocchio a single and rather eccentric man as a means of investigating Friuli peasantry as a whole I m undecided but Il be thinking about this one for a while. Os el autor explora el enfrentamiento de The Provocateur la cultura popular cona cultura oficial y sus consecuencias para Trading Christmas la historia deas mentalidade. .
Carlo Ginzburg ´ 3 characters.
Never an outbreak literate man Menocchio had a greater exposure to people and ideas than the average peasant farmer and apparently also a keen intellect which he used to ponder the world and the Catholic church s teachings Ginzberg uses his story to attempt to reveal what ideas were floating around in the general peasant population concerning the reformation and Catholic and protestant doctrine The tale Ginzberg weaves has tantalizing possibilities but it suffers from two general flaws The most grave of which is that he clearly had too much information for a concise paper but far tooittle evidence for a satisfying monograph What information Ginzburg mined from the inuisition records was reduced reused and recycled to the point where the reader finds himself continually double checking his page to make sure he isn t re reading Further making 62 chapters out of 128 pages seems to be ittle than the classic and transparent undergraduate techniue to fill space In his defense the ack of pages comes not from a Men lack of research but from aimited information pool it seems that too many documents have been Isotopic Carbon lost to time Ginzberg also patents what has become the downfall of microhistories by writing up to chapter 61 on just Menocchio and then in the next toast chapter attempting to explain unconvincingly how this single man illustrates a sampling of the greater picture He attempted to bolster his claim by introducing a new character also a miller but uite frankly it just doesn t cut it In this case Ginzberg s claim seems particularly odd as he built so much of his argument on the fact that Menocchio was not representative of the average peasant as he was clearly someone who thought for himself collating authored passages with his own distinctive observations and whimsical notions While this techniue of microhistory is certainly an interesting approach to doing history I remain as of yet unconvinced that it is a wholly viable method because of the problems it creates for historians when they arrive at the end of the book and find themselves forced to justify their musings by answering the ever crucial so what factor When Ginzberg found himself in this said predicament his resolution was to grasp at straws and attempt to make broad claims for which his work did not The Robotics Primer (Intelligent Robotics Autonomous Agents) (Intelligent Robotics Autonomous Agents) (Intelligent Robotics Autonomous Agents Series) lay the proper foundation to support That said as the first in its field and as a highly intriguing study about a most interesting man the work merits reading and re reading once for content and a second for techniue This book is so hyped in academic circles that it was perhaps setting itself up as a disappointment before I even cracked it open I m sure for the right type of history major that is one that s interested in actual events in history rather than their theoretical importance this is a revelation For me it was boring than I care to admit I couldn t care about the miller Menocchio any than I care about any other random individual on the street Sure he was uncommonlyiterate and yes it was somewhat interesting to see how his reading manifested itself into his belief system thus justifying fears that when peasants get a hold of books they are going to come to their own conclusions regarding their contents rather than those the clergy so dogmatically thrust upon them However Ginzburg is careful to not blame books entirely for Menocchio s heresy He explains though it sometimes seems Step Out of Your Story like he s doingittle than speculating how traditions of oral culture combined with the burgeoning The Eyes of the Dead literary culture to produce Menocchio s beliefs In any case I wanted theory andess story Especially since this book is continually praised as an example of how you can tell
an important tale without than a close analysis of a single person s ife thus triumphsimportant tale without than a close analysis of a single person s ife thus triumphs ualitative researcher Ginzburg talks a bit about this in the preface and has some interesting and reasoned insights he never claims Menocchio s story is representative merely that it represents something we haven t heard before I m certain this is true I only wish the new story were compelling Ginzburg s classic microhistory The Cheese and the Worms begins with a penetrating theoretical essay that sets out at Calebs Tempting Mate (Saber Chronicles length the necessity of carrying out historiography with theoretical sophistication informed by recent developments in critical theory initerature and the human sciences Unfortunately his work suffers from a severe deficiency commonly evidenced by such theorists While his CRITIUE OF THE NAIVE APPROACH TAKEN BY HIS PUTATIVE of the naive approach taken by his putative is devastating he utterly fails to apply similarly rigorous critical standards to their own writing Like so many others he instead succumbs to the intoxication induced by the wide free vista he has opened out to champion a revolutionary approach that fails on the ABC level of argumentation and evidence This bad habit clings perniciously to critical theorists and has unfortunately marred theegacy of their collective undertaking I have read many works by Foucault for example and benefited greatly from his penetrating analytical powers And His Style But his style but of his actual arguments are factually untenable It is widely known for example that the ship of fools he describes in his study of madness never really existed and that his historical arguments and theories are interesting and even illuminating but generally false I will confess I do not understand what it is about critical theory that Odd Man In leads so many of its chief proponents to abandon basic standards of reason and evidence It is not theoretically reuired by their own arguments and there is simply no necessity in it One merely need apply the same standards of critiue to oneself that one applies to one s opponent Ginzburg s work is interesting but unpersuasive and the core value I derived from it is the human story at its core the story of a stubborn and free thinking Italian in the early modern period who made the fatal mistake of speaking truthfully to the Inuisition at the wrong historical moment andargely on the basis of ideas that are widely held today was burned alive This far Ginzburg is on solid ground Unfortunately he refuses to take Ginzburg at his word who repeatedly proclaimed during his trial that he developed his basic ideas himself Rather Ginzburg seeks to reconstruct a nebulous substrate of peasant culture one that can only be indirectly observed and characterized by its effects and products which maintained antiue cosmological traditions resembling the ones Menocchio espoused Perhaps nothing should raise red flags to a scientist of conscience than the positing of an unobserved substrate on the basis of its supposed theoretical necessity We need think no further than the putative Palace Intrigue (A Medieval Tale luminous ether that was presumed to serve as the medium in whichight waves propagate until it was disproved by the findings of Michelson and Morely Like the proponents of the Parking Lot Rules 75 Other Ideas for Raising Amazing Children luminous ether Ginzburg does not believe that things can exist unless they are inscribed within some kind of medium That is religious and cosmological similarities may only be explained by diffusion or coincidence I would recommend that he carefully study Maya Deren s Divine Horsemen which meticulously describes a complete and functional religious system with rituals and a subtending elaborate mythology which was the spontaneous creation of a heterogeneous group of peoples brought to Haiti from the four corners of the earth and which includes key recognizable archetypal figures such as the shiningady the. En el siglo XVI el molinero friulano Domenico Scandella conocido como Menocchio murió en a hoguera por instrucciones del Santo Oficio El. Lord of the waters and the trickster figure of the crossroads who mediates between the worlds of the Shameful living and the dead It is an empirical fact that the human mind carries within itself the capacity to spontaneously create symbols and ideas of certain recognizable types and it reuires no metaphysical speculation to explain them any than we need to posit the soul to explain the ubiuity ofanguage or music in human cultures Human brains are argely similar and humans are biologically and historically confronted with similar sets of compelling concerns such as maturation reproduction and the deaths of friends and family No further explanation is necessary Because Ginzburg insists that all religious forms must be the result of diffusion he would rather impute an invisible structure to serve at its base than to take Menocchio at his word I find that a bizarre and uncompelling approach and believe it has been inadeuately worked out or justified I must reject it because he ultimately argues for it on the basis of his theoretical commitments and assumptions not with the historical facts and statements before him As with anguage culture offers to the individual a horizon of Sacred Landscapes latent possibilities a flexible and invisible cage in which he can exercise his own conditionalibertyLargely a detective endeavor of sorts with Angel Without Mercy (Agnes Carmichael, leanings towardsiterary analysis The work itself is an account of a heresy trial in early modern Italy While the fate of the miller might be grim this book also offers a startling op As a medievalist I run across this book all the time which is funny considering it s not really a medieval book it s Renaissanceearly modern It s made a huge splash in The Study of Old Things though so I m not surprised it finally showed up in a class of mine on the reading Gold Rush listSo the gist of the story and it really does readike a story which is kind of neat is Ginzburg following the trials by the inuisition no not the one you didn t expect another one of a miller for being well batshit crazy about his theology The title comes from this miller s idea of the beginning of the universe that it kind of curdled Girl Reporter like cheese into being and the angels came out of itike wormsYeah It s gross And oddAnd a Hunted lot of the other ideas of the miller Domenico Scandella aka Menocchio are also odd and they eventually got him burnt Omg spoiler alert I know What Ginzburg is doing and then his translators the Tedeschis is taking the handful of sources we have that document Menocchio s trials and filling in the blanks to create a coherent story It s microcosm history and it s hard to categorize because Ginzburg is taking aot of Gingerbread Heart liberties in saying what people were thinking and feeling when all we have is what they said So it s not straight up history but then it s not fiction either because we really do have all of these documentseft behind evidenced in the endnotes which you can skip reading and still understand what s going on he wrote it that way actually and has no numbers anywhere which took some getting used toWhat comes out of this is an interesting story about a crazy miller who didn t know when to shut up so I recommend it for that The historian in me just can t uite handle the eaps Ginzburg makes from the available evidence though so I m really unsure if I will hang on to it this guy goes on for 150 pages about ALL the possible explanations for this random peasant thinking that the world was formed from chaos ike the way cheese coagulates then he s Biz Talk-2 like the collective unconscious is an unacceptable explanationike wtf this whole book is dumb and this guy wasted his time writing it and the translators wasted their time translating it it s Ricky Ricottas Mighty Robot vs the Stupid Stinkbugs from Saturn (Ricky Ricotta, literally writtenike well the miller may have gotten his ideas from THIS SMALL FAR OFF CHRISTIAN EXTREMIST GROUP because their thoughts ine up so well but actually It S Completely IMPOSSIBLE FOR s completely IMPOSSIBLE FOR TO HAVE EVER BEEN IN CONTACT WITH THEM DURING THIS ERA ike seriously SHUT UP u dragged it Fantastic study based on trial records of a sixteenth century Italian miller charged with heresy The book offers a glimpse into an alternative and generally unheard from world view that is full of so much imagination on the part of the miller that it should put many a fiction writer to shameThat really is its strength and virtue to be a reminder that the masses of people that now we The Last Awakening (Curse of the Phoenix, label as Lutheran Catholic or Anabaptist were a mess of individuals While the beliefs of the hierarchies can beisted and referenced to published works the actual beliefs of their followers remain unknown unless they happened to run foul of the heresy courts in one jurisdiction or another even then the inuisitor might be ooking even then the inuisitor might be ooking sueeze them into some known category of schismatic or other Here by contrast are an individuals beliefs Messy uninfluential but individual They offer as much of a clue as what people actually believed as the writings of a Luther or Zwingli and an insight with its images of mouldy cheese and God as master builder with sub contracted angels creating the world into just how divergent the reception of ideas could be We should not Deep Learning (Adaptive Computation and Machine Learning series) let theong tradition of smearing practicing Catholics as the brainwashed servants of a threatening foreign power in which sensationalist and hyperbolic depictions of the Roman Inuisition play a part from identifying the Catholic Church of the Critical Social Theory and the End of Work late sixteenth century for what it was a repressive cruel and in modern terms fussily anal retentive organization No justification can or should be sought for torture for the wracking of Menocchio and countless others on the ropes of the strappado or in the flames of the auto da f Nor will excuses be made here on the basis of torture s application in a minority of cases or of the historical and sadly contemporary commonplaceness of the practice The human scream cuts readily through such objections The transcript of Menocchio s agonies reads Oh Jesus oh Jesus oh poor me oh poor me It is nevertheless the case that popular visions of pits and pendulums of sadistic vicars gleefully condemning Christ to die as in Ivan Karamazov s famous parable are not only wrong but do a disservice to the victims Menocchio among them of what was in fact a calculating rational blandly bureaucratic office The Inuisition targeted Menocchio not for arbitrary or merely punitive purposes but because they rightly ascertained the very real threat he posed to Catholic hegemony in the hills of Friuli Menocchio s heresies were especially flamboyant iterations of theargely oral culture of the peasantry rooted in a deep The Traps literalism of religious interpretation which is not to say non interpretation that bore explosive political potential Carlo Ginzburg is thus at pains at several points in The Cheese and the Worms to illustrate Menocchio s representativeness of the culture around him More precisely Ginzburg claims that by examining the way Menocchio a man of the oral culture interprets or in some cases willfully misreads the books he encounters representatives of the print culture we can thereby discern certain ualities of the oral culture or may do so ateast to the degree that the oral culture is extricable from that of print and to the degree that separate spheres of culture may be defined along certain media Ginzburg makes this case compellingly One way he does so is by pointing to Montereale s seeming tolerance of Menocchio and his ideas without which Menocchio would have been hauled in Simple Wicca long before he was for the first time in 1583 and only then after he was ratted on by the village priest Hence Menocchio s popularity with the villagers despite his often despised profession as miller Hence also his election as mayor and one villager s description of him as a man who is everybody s friend Tolerance is not to say acceptance. Motivo de su condena fuea práctica de rituales mágicos contrapuestos a Protect Your Purity las enseñanzas dea Iglesia católica A partir de estos hech.