Sense How often do you get that This is one of the best books I have read in years no oke I am a science teacher and continually shocked and frustrated by the number of students who say science is irrelevant to them Despite cool labs and structures I have in place This book chronicles the aspects of loss of respect for science including historical effects religion politics psychology rhetoric etc It is full of interesting ideas and anecdotes and some suggestions for how to address and not address the problem I would recommend this book for anyone interested in science and also open minded folks who don t get science While the viewpoint is open minded folks who don t get science While the viewpoint is the author does not shove ideas in your face and expect you to believe them Phenomenal book that I will likely read again very soon Note Received free
advance reader copy from FirstReads programThis book explained so much to reader copy from FirstReads programThis book explained so much to about why the American political system is stuck in rhetoric and unwilling to base decisions on fact and sound udgment rather than political platform or party byline Otto outlines sever This review is based on an Advanced Uncorrected Manuscript copyFrom the continuing battles over the teaching of evolution in our schools to those politicians that deny the validity of the scientific evidence of global climate change and to the celebrities that continue to publicly support the idea that vaccines are linked to autism in spite of the lack of supporting evidence it seems that science is under attack from all sides Science it is argued is no longer the solution but part of the problem Science is expensive and we need to cut research funding to pay for other higher priorities Anyone who pays any attention to the media has seen at least some of these messagesThis book provides some insights into the relationship of science and American freedom and democracy traces the history of various anti science forces and discusses why the responses of the scientific community have been inadeuate to reverse the anti science trend While it starts out with an overly combative tone in the first section to the point that I almost put the book down in disgust it uickly corrects itself and the following sections provide a clear analysis of how the enlightenment and science formed the basis for the American experiment in democracy from the very beginning and traces the history of the battles between science and a range of anti science forces in American historyAfter establishing how we arrived at the current situation where those that don t like the conclusions presented by scientific evidence feel free to simply ignore the evidence the author then explores the reasons why the attempts to counter these reactions have thus far proven ineffective The exploration of the psychological mechanisms of belief and authority help shed light on why the doomsday warnings about ignoring climate change only seem to make those that refuse to believe in climate change resistant to the evidence This same section provides specific suggestions that might provide effective ways to address the concerns of these people allowing for a rational debate and increasing the likelihood that a meaningful agreement might be reachedThis is an important book for anyone who is concerned by the anti science climate that pervades the American culture today It sheds light on how we got here and provides new insights into ways that we can try re establish science as the basis for increasing American freedom and for providing a solid foundation for the future ReadingIsResistance to lies The ones about science aren t far behind the whoppers the White House issued on Day 1 about the small crowds attending the inauguration FOOL ME TWICE at Expendable Mudge Muses Aloud got 4 stars when I first read it with a worried frown six years ago now the stakes are huge please please go and educate yourself before the Great and Powerful Oz blows smoke in your eye. On a falling economy and an education system slipping behind our elected leaders are hard at work passing resolutions that say climate change is not real and astrology can control the weatherShawn Lawrence Otto has written a behind the scenes look at how the government our politics and the media prevent us from finding the real solutions we need Fool Me Twice is the clever outraged and frightening account of America's relationship with science a relationship that is on the rocks at the very time we need it mo.
Download Á PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free À Shawn Lawrence OttoFool Me Twice provides a valuable perspective on the history of science in *The US In Terms *US in terms how it s been perceived and used in shaping people s lives Otto makes the case that now than ever public policy depends on the reality based understanding of the world that it is science s main ob to provide yet for several reasons it is being disregarded demonized and sabotaged Meanwhile much of the rest of the world is nurturing scientific inuiry and taking its insights seriously putting the US at a serious disadvantage in a number of critical waysOtto stresses that science is political because of the influence of knowledge on the balance of power yet our politics is woefully uninformed by science This wasn t always the case our country was founded on the PRINCIPLE THAT UNFETTERED PURSUIT AND AVAILABILITY OF KNOWLEDGE BY that unfettered pursuit and availability of knowledge by of its citizens is the key to a successful democracy Now there are people trying to take away that principle either for their own personal gain or because they simply don t acknowledge its value and our democracy along with much the world we have come to influence is suffering as a resultScience is an embrace of wonder at the Universe yet it owes much of its success to paranoia and fear The creation and proliferation of nuclear weapons in the middle of the last century is largely responsible for this Suburbia and our interstate highway systems are direct responses to the fear of nuclear attack and the early space program which put men on the Moon was a thin guise for the development of advanced weapons delivery technology Because funding was assured many scientists could avoid promoting science to the public and focus on their work As a result of this history the public came to consider science itself a threat and a backlash ensued which is largely responsible for today s anti science attitudes and the resulting change in politics has left science both without its assured funding and with scientists unprepared to develop alternativesPart of the backlash against science involved the embrace of postmodernism which argues that reality is totally subjective It had the effect of removing objective determination of facts from its critical role in policy debates characterizing science as merely another source of opinion As such it became a commodity in a marketplace of ideas rather than being used as a way to udge ideas based upon objective truth Because by its nature the results of science are independent of how people feel about them and scientists are forced by their discipline to reveal sources of uncertainty in what they do science finds itself at a competitive disadvantage against opinions that claim absolute truth and cater explicitly to people s desires and cherished beliefs Otto uses several case studies including global climate change which in the US is still subject to debate while much of the rest of the world has moved on to grapple with this very real and existential threat Powerful interests notably the fossil fuel industry whose power base is threatened and religious zealots who believe God would never allow an ecological disaster to occur and distrust science because it disputes their view of the Universe s history have sold the false notion that there is a lot of uncertainty in climate science s understanding of the role of greenhouse gases in changing the climate Otto details a five step propaganda process used by climate change deniers and others to manipulate democracy toward their ends by sowing doubt in the science behind the facts that stand in their way and
#guiding policymakers to #policymakers to the actions they prefer They are abetted in this deception by a lazy press that refuses to accept responsibility for exposing facts and holding people accountable for lyingThe huge amount of economic military and political power wielded by the US ensures that solutions to the vast array of problems facing our planet will not be solved wi. Whenever the people are well informed Thomas Jefferson wrote they can be trusted with their own governmentBut what happens in a world dominated by complex science Are the people still well enough informed to be trusted with their own government And with less than 2 percent of Congress with any professional background in science how can our government be trusted to lead us in the right directionWill the media save us Don't count on it Of the 2975 uestions directed to the candidates for president in early 2008. Thout its leadership or at least its assent and science
#is critical to #critical to and implementing those solutions There are also great opportunities for future progress that science can inform and make a major contribution to Otto proposes that scientists must actively engage in policy debates with a major contribution to Otto proposes that scientists must actively engage in policy debates with emphasis on the process of science how it creates knowledge It is this process and its usability by anyone that can provide much needed credibility for the conclusions which otherwise are treated as competing opinions Exposing people to the wonders of the Universe and the thrills of discovery achievable through science is also critically important as it adds meaning through awareness perhaps the greatest gift science can offer This is an important book for anyone who loves science As one who shudders when he hears beliefs put forth as facts and scientific theories described as unproven alternatives to eually viable answers it is comforting to read such a well reasoned and clearly written defense of the scientific process and the knowledge that it providesBut at the same time it is depressing because it is hard to argue the author s conclusion that the USA is and has been for some time on a downward slide from the top rank of countries in terms of its leadership in science education respect for scientists and its trust in reason over faith and opinion He discusses how ournalists over the last several decades have dropped reason over faith and opinion He discusses how Mud and Stars journalists over the last several decades have dropped ball in their responsibility to inform the public based on knowledge rather than opinion Perhaps it s a generation gap issue for me but I s The author identifies three anti science movements religious fundamentalism vested business interests and postmodern identity politics With enemies on all sides no wonder science is in troubleOtto includes suggestions for engaging various anti science advocates but this is not a book that would appeal to or convince someone in any of three groups mentioned above Hopefully scientists will reach out as sales representatives for the scientific method and for the science behind the issues where the press is playing up the controversy long after the science is settled I wish the book had focused on fighting the assault on science rather than primarily on the history of the assaultWhile packed with good information I felt like I was slogging through some chapters because it would be good for me Other sections really pulled me in Don t give up if you get to a weak section This may be the biggest problem facing America today Anti science crazies have hijacked a large percentage of public discourse One of the reasons I m in education This is an excellent book about the attitude toward science in America Both Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin strongly believed that science and knowledge are important to democracy and Timothy Ferris in his book The Science of Liberty Democracy Reason and the Laws of Nature showed how important democracy is to the development of science However and in our society science is either ignored or even assaulted on many frontsThe media do not do a goodob in presenting the facts Journalists believe that their ob is to present both sides of a story even when there really is but one side Any dissenter it is believed no matter how small a minority he represents must get his share of time arguing his side This is particularly true for science related issues The reason is that science is generally inductive and therefore it doesn t prove anything it ust points the way toward probable explanationsShawn Otto does a good ob at Wow This book is so worth reading Told from a scientist s perspective it informs about a wealth of subjects all linked giving evidence for claims describing why we have become so anti science scientists are largely to blameand offering concrete rational solutions to the problemI urge everyone to read it whatever your political or religious leanings It makes. Just six mentioned the words global warming or climate change the greatest policy challenge facing America To put that in perspective three uestions mentioned UFOsToday the world's major unsolved challenges all revolve around science By the 2012 election cycle at a time when science is influencing every aspect of modern life antiscience views from climate change denial to creationism to vaccine refusal have become mainstreamFaced with the daunting challenges of an environment under siege an exploding populati.