( Leer Las aventuras de la China Iron ) Autor Gabriela Cabezón Cámara – cheapugg.us
Or pampas of Argentina With the encroaching their beastly
*steam engines advancing *engines advancing day to the gauchos the Argentinians and locked in never ending internecine battlesI did enjoy engines advancing every day to the gauchos the Argentinians and Indians locked in never ending internecine battlesI did enjoy how the Indians work in harmony with the land How they adapt to flooding and live to them at least a somewhat topic nomadic lifestyle on the open pampas juxtaposed against industrialisation and the claustrophobic smoggy miasma covered modern cities of BritainAn enjoyable read 35 Stars Like a short Sarah Waters novel set on the Argentinian pampas It s also a contemporary feministueer response to Argentina s national epic poem Mart n Fierro Part 1 1872 Part 2 1879 Reading Fierro enables you to spot references in China Iron and Isshinryu Chinto Kata understand about why some scenes are significant But China Iron also works in its own right as a 19th century lesbianueer adventure romance and coming of age story and critiue of the historical and modern socio political order Narrator China Latin Spanish for girllass soon renamed Josephine Star Iron is the teenage wife of the eponymous Mart n Fierro left behind when her husband was press ganged into the army part of a process of clearance of rural gaucho communities by the Argentinian authorities of the time Some details in China Iron don t matchp with the poem Mart n Fierro this is partly explained when China says her husband was a liar For example in the original poem there s no reason to believe that Fierro won his wife in a card game nor that she generally referred to as a woman mujer was only 14 years old their sons are also several years older At the beginning of Cabez n C mara s novel China decides to hit the road with her dog Estreya Star leaving her two babies in the care of a trustworthy old couple She soon bands together with and develops a crush on Liz just arrived from Scotland who is travelling to claim some land that she and her husband are to manage for a wealthy British investor In time honoured literary and no doubt real life tradition China has her hair lopped off and dons men s clothes to travel safely and avoid being recognised and becomes Jo The great advantage of a historical setting for this sort of thing is that characters do not have to define themselves according to or match p exactly to contemporary terms for gender and sexuality they simply feel say and act Jo s narrative in Part I of III is suffused with a childlike sense of wonder at the beautiful and brutal sights of nature on the pampas and the information about the wider world colonialism and trade which she learns from Liz Liz is the daughter of an artist farmer Robert Burns was a poet farmer so why not which perhaps renders plausible her level of education relative to her class in the 1870s Cabez n C mara via translators Fiona Mackintosh and Iona Macintyre is very skilful in relating Liz s tales of the British Empire and its exploits and abuses One can see that the author is critical of imperialism and that Jo has little love for it whilst also being aware that Liz despite a few reservations is a woman of her time prepared to se colonialism to further her and her relatives Papillon uality of life that she takes pride in many British achievements and sees some of thensavoury aspects of empire as a necessary evil The intertextuality ramps Descent into Chaos up in Part II when the travellers now including a stray young gay gaucho Rosari arrive at a fort where Liz is to meet with a general on her employer s behalf This turns out to be none other than Jos Hern ndez a fictionalised version of the author of Mart n Fierro This General Hern ndez when he s not passed out drunk loves to bloviate about his ideas to improve and modernise Argentina with railways industrialisation civilising the populace especially gauchos and similar Victorian projects and is a drooling fan of the British Empire and its representatives My knowledge of the real Jos Hern ndez is limited to the introductions of two editions of Mart n Fierro and a Wikipedia page but it sounds like there are at least a few clear differences between real Hern ndez and China Iron s General Hern ndez real Hern ndez was opposed to political centralisation for one thing I don t know whether there is a credible theory that Hern ndez appropriated any of the Fierro text from real gaucho poets But making this part of fictional General Hern ndez s story allows him to be the novel s emblem of male European hegemony and the wrongs it wrought on disadvantaged people Liz does her best to playp to the General and to a political archetype of the white middle class woman assisting her menfolk in the repression of the working classes and people of colour Jo is hungry with lust for Liz regardless of her being a somewhat ambiguous figure in these scenes and wants to enjoy their time together as much as possible before Liz s husband is back on the scene Amid the luxurious surroundings of the fort they have several erotic encounters Both are enthusiastically consenting but as Jo is still only 15 some readers from countries with older ages of consent may have reservationsFurther Edmund Wilson unsympathetic aspects of Ge. E antes no existíanPasan del desierto al fortínn experimento social Perdido Street Station (New Crobuzon, ue intenta transformar ana masa de criollos brutos en los ciudadanos industriosos Just Once (The Runaways, ue pide la Nación Pero será en las tolderíase la China y su feliz comitiva encontrarán el Paraíso También allí Gabriela Cabezón Cámara reanima su pertinaz aventura literaria la de fundar Contemporary Plays by African American Women un mundo libre en ele las criaturas se abracen por dese. .
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I am slightly frustrated as I write this review As I read the book I made notes on what I felt were the key themes emerging there are several but when I got to the end I discovered a note from the translators that did all the work for me Now it will look like my review is simply plagiarism Martin Fierro is an epic Argentine poem 2316 lines long that tells the tale of the eponymous gaucho for Pynchon fans Martin Fierro is also referenced in Gravity s Rainbow The poem begins with Fierro s conscription into the army which means he and his wife are separated This book like several recent novels I have read takes someone who is a minor female character in an old story and moves her to a central position in a re written version of the story This is the story of China Iron Fierro translates as iron who meets Liz from Scotland and sets off on an adventureFor a short novel it packs in a lot of stuffThere is a history novel as China and Liz travel around an Argentina that is being invaded by British travellers with an eye on expansion of the empire on bringing the railways to Argentina on extracting wealth At the same time this history novel documents the ongoing disappearance of the gaucho way of life and the violence involved in building a nationThere is a natural history novel There is awe at the landscape and at the variety of flora and fauna that abounds in the pampas and along the rivers There are lives lived in balance with natureThere is an LGBT novel as some characters discover there are other options in life than the heterosexual relationships they have experienced so far There is a send p of traditionally masculine gaucho world one chapter of the book re writes a key scene from the original poem sing poetry with the same verse structure as the original but dramatically changing the narrative of the sceneAnd all of this is encased in the story of China Iron It is China s sexual awakening that we hear about it is through China s eyes that we see the natural wonders of the land it is China s growing nderstanding of national and international politics that we see developing as her eyes are opened to the British empire and to the political manoeuvring of those in authorityI ll end with an excerpt from the book blurb on the back cover This subversive retelling of Argentina s foundational gaucho epic Martin Fierro is a celebration of the colour and movement of the living world the open road love and sex and the dream of lasting freedom With humour and sophistication Gabriela Cabez n C mara has created a joyful hallucinatory novel that is also an incisive critiue of national myths I was in a dreamlike trance while reading this book The author is an expert in painting a vivid and evocative description of the landscape which did a great job transporting me to 1872 Although this is a read it packs a serious punch 35 I was not familiar with the classic poem about the gaucho Martin Fierrro that this story was based pon before reading the book The book focuses on Fierro s wife who makes only brief appearances in the poem The landscape descriptions were vivid and I enjoyed the writing but I got a little tired of the lengthy landscape sections by the end of the book Shortlisted for the 2020 International BookerI have not read Martin Fierro the poem by Jos Hern ndez that Gabriela Cabez n C mara ses as a base for her narrative I do know that with this novel the author gives China Iron the main character role instead of Fierro In fact two strong female characters steal pretty much the whole narrativeChina is an orphan her father having been killed by Fierro who then proceeds to marry China and they have two sons before Fierro is conscripted and taken to the Indian frontier to fight with the armyRather than be pset China who is only fourteen and has been a slave all her life is ecstatic Free for the first time in her life she jumps on board a wagon with a Scotswoman named Elizabeth who is hell bent on travelling to their estancia to rescue her husband An Estancia is a South American farm or ranchFor the na ve China this adventure is of a cultural earthuake than shock Everything is new for her the land the people the wildlife and plants While taking all this in Liz educates China on the British Empire and its relentless and insatiable drive for colonization As the women travel along together they become lovers another chance for Liz to educate China and open her eyes which have seen so little Another freedom awakened Both women change dramatically throughout the novel and are completely different characters by the end of the bookThroughout the book the author s descriptive writing is so vivid the landscape starts to feel like a painting However by the last third of the book this descriptive writing became a little bit much for me overpowering the narrative At times it almost feels like a geographical expedition
*with the author *the author the new cultures plant life and fauna in minute detailThe time period in which the novel is set late nineteenth century is a tumultuous time for the seemingly never ending open plains. Radiante luminoso El desierto es n prisma de perros cardos polvo y cielo La China Iron acompaña a Liz na inglesa e va tras su marido llevado por la leva Ella en cambio no busca a Martín Fierro ese gaucho e se la ganó en The Ascent of Man un partido de truco La China escapa Y es su viaje exploración de la textura de la seda del sabor del té del sofoco ene estalla el sexo Descubre palabras Sonidos nuevos para cosas
*emerge he explains *He explains in his poem he deliberately made the Indians sound crueller than they were because Argentina needed their lands and because the gauchos needed an enemy to The Grand Sophy unite against An enemy that wasn t the authorities is thenspoken point The most graphic brutalities in this novel are between gauchos and the authorities trying to tame them such as some years before Liz and Jo s arrival the gang rape of a white teacher from the USA and her authorised torture of the perpetrators Life for nderlings at the fort is regimented with its teams of tamed gauchos who do work that they would have once considered beneath them in a de skilled production line setup and who on command recite a version of the didactic last stanza of Mart n Fierro II This rigid almost Taylorist life holds little appeal for Liz Jo and Rosari who are keen to strike OUT FOR LIZ S CLAIM REGARDLESS OF THE GENERAL for Liz
S Claim Regardless Of The General Warnings About It Beingclaim regardless of the General warnings about it being Indian territory The freedom of pioneer life is the side of 19th century imperialism that appeals to them Their parting shot is to stealthily start a drunken orgy among the entire populace of the fort disrupting eering the General s rules for strict monogamy among the gauchos and chinas Traditional gaucho communities were known rather like Victorian London s rookeries for a licentiousness where sexual freedom blurred with abuse and criminality to se later categoriesThe friends first meeting with an Indian band is almost a mirror image of the scenes in Fierro 2 where Mart n and his companion Cruz want to go and live with the Indians Where the Indians in the 1879 poem were largely hostile and nderstandably suspicious given the violence they often experienced from European settlers those in Cabez n C mara s book are curious friendly and in at least one case sexually attracted to the travellers There follows a series of scenes which are part 2010s Harveys Revised English Grammar ueer poly multicultural paradise and partestionable 1970s style idea of an indigenous community as hosts for everyone else s free love close to nature Even Cowgirls Get the Blues commune China Iron seems well intentioned in going 180 degrees on the 1870s poem s often bloodthirsty portrayal of native people which was motivated by colonisation But going by what I ve read from North American commentators on portrayals of native people in literature such as Debbie Reese it seems likely to be patronising and inaccurate in other ways and makes them the site of another imaginary colonial project by a different set of European descended settlers Jo is referred to several times as a two spirit On the one hand as this is Como agua para chocolate used from a native gone native perspective it s the obvious term in English But in this scenario written by a Latina author it inevitably brings to mind controversy aboutse of the term by gender non conforming people without indigenous heritage In Mart n Fierro part 2 there were at least two points borne out by known anthropology and archaeology from the Southern Cone In China Iron the Indians seem like a hippie idealisation of North American peoples I would love to hear what indigenous people from South America actually think of China Iron and about famous works of Latin American literature but am not sure where to find these articles and what I ve said here makes assumptions The two Argentinian reviews I ve read didn t go into this at all though they took opposing views on whether it was important to have read Mart n Fierro to nderstand China IronRegardless it is a lot of fun not least at this time of vocal and imaginative Latin American feminism to hear about Mart n Fierro himself icon of Argentine masculinity eered Some of this is extrapolated from the original like his deep friendship with Cruz and his becoming for a while the main parent to his children One might argue this is nhelpful in encouraging straight men to express feelings for their friends or participate in childcare but the novel seems to come from a radical perspective where the heteropatriarchal outlook behind that reluctance is part of the problemThe scenes of China Iron part III brought to mind a recent estion of the week from the Goodreads 21st Century Literature Group Is It Possible To Write About Happiness Engagingly The whole novel is pretty low on peril to Jo and Liz despite the atrocities they hear about and these Multiple Mayhem (Gabby Duran utopian scenes are or less thattopian for almost all involved Whilst as I ve already mentioned they involve stereotyping from some other angles Part III is subversive no tragic The Eagles Nest (The New Avengers, ueers no tragic Indians and in not having much of a plot or a prominent antagonist just people enjoying life in an extended happy ending even if there are hints that colonial encroachment means their community can t last for generations it doesn t conform to traditional structures of the novel There s plenty to think about here for such a short book Even if there are reasons to be ambivalent about the final third it s an interesting addition to this year s International Booker longlist but I can t see it taking the prize ahead of substantial works like The Eighth Lif. O y gocen el mismo amor de ríos pájaros y árboles Y no se sientan solas jamás«El estilo de Cabezón Cámara es inconfundible y eso se puede decir de pocos escritores en la literatura argentina Sóloeda esperar When the Sea Turned to Silver ue su ritmo gozoso y sus frases cultísimas y al mismo tiempo reventadas se repitan hasta olvidar el nombre de la autora como se dicen verso de tango o del mismo Martín Fierro»María Moreno. ,
Gabriela Cabezón Cámara